Home > Internet > Using Firewall and Virus Protection Software

Using Firewall and Virus Protection Software

By: Anna Hinds BA (hons) - Updated: 24 Aug 2012 | comments*Discuss
Firewalls How Firewalls Work Anti-virus

For home PC users a firewall and anti-virus programme represent the bare minimum of security levels. What exactly do these programmes do? How do you find out which one’s best for you? And what else can you do to improve your PC security?

Anti-Virus Software

You probably already have an antivirus programme on your computer – most new PCs arrive with some installed. This software isn’t an optional extra: it’s vital to protect your computer against viruses, worms, and Trojans. Don’t make the mistake of thinking “it will never happen to me” – computer viruses hit hard and fast. They are designed to be malicious: often, they’ll replicate themselves, shut down your PC, destroy files, or corrupt your programmes. It will take a PC expert to fix your computer, and there’s no guarantee you’ll get your files back.

The message? If your computer holds any data you wouldn’t like to lose – then insure it by installing antivirus. It’s that simple.

Firewall Software

A firewall for your computer is just like a firewall for your home: it prevents dangerous elements from reaching things that matter. In the case of your computer, these things are:

  • Your personal informantion
  • Your IP address
  • Your email contacts

When you connect to the net, unscrupulous hackers can get in to your computer, accessing personal information or taking control of the way it’s run. They could even infect your system with a virus that gets into your email software and sends itself on to all of your contacts. The firewall is a filter for incoming (and outgoing) information. If anything remotely suspicious attempts to get through, the firewall blocks it. You can usually decide how strict you want your firewall to be.

What’s Available?
Built-in firewall: When you buy a computer equipped with Microsoft Windows, it already has a built-in firewall. Keep this switched on until you choose to upgrade to a commercial firewall.

Physical firewall: This connects your computer to your modem, ‘hiding’ your computer (and its IP address) from the world. Your router may already have a firewall built in to it. When you buy a new one, check it has. This is an extra layer of security – not a substitute for firewall software.

Firewall software: Software such as Zone Alarm and Norton provide two-way protection for your computer. This means that hackers and snoopers are prevented from accessing your information, and viruses are prevented from spreading outwards.

Security Software ‘Suites’: The biggest names in computer security, Norton and McAfee, both provide antivirus and firewall all-in-ones. Norton’s version is preferred by PC Mag, although both have attracted criticism and praise. The best idea is to try one out, and see how you get on.

More Downloads to Improve Your Computer Security

To further improve your computer security, there’s a wide range of software available – and much of it is free:

  • In privacy terms, spam mail is one of the worst offenders you’ll encounter online. You can download a free spam filter, and save yourself all those hours wasted fishing out the real emails from the junk. (Read our article on Your Email Privacy.)

  • Anti-spyware software is free and widely available. Spyware is a programme that embeds itself in your computer and sends information back to its (often unscrupulous) operators.

    You might also like...
    Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
    Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

    If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

    (never shown)
    (never shown)
    (never shown)
    (never shown)
    Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Bunny
    Re: Your Medical Records
    Your medical records are Sensitive Data and the GDPR Data Protection Act doesn't allow sharing without your specific consent. Also, the data…
    20 April 2019
  • Scott
    Re: Do They Have the Right to Use My Photo on Website?
    Our org is asking for a personal photo which they wish to use to have avatar created from Do we…
    17 April 2019
  • MissMystery
    Re: Do They Have the Right to Use My Photo on Website?
    What is the legal standing regarding an ex employer using images containing me as part of their…
    12 April 2019
  • anjohn
    Re: Do They Have the Right to Use My Photo on Website?
    I'm part of a volunteer group in my local area and my son, who started the group, puts photographs on…
    11 April 2019
  • Marie
    Re: Your Medical Records
    I recently requested my medical records from my local gp practise. The practise manager refused to give them to me if I did not reveal my…
    7 April 2019
  • Hgvdriver
    Re: Employee Surveillance
    I work for local council who recently fitted all trucks with cameras we were told that it was to protect us from false claims from the…
    31 March 2019
  • Corkey
    Re: Your Medical Records
    I recently had an ENT appointment as I am suffering from tinnitus, I am now being inundated with advertisements for Tinnitus, someone has…
    31 March 2019
  • I am the storm
    Re: Your Medical Records
    Have tried to change surgeries only to find that the new place appears to have "shredded" my application (according to the receptionist…
    30 March 2019
  • Olivia
    Re: Your Medical Records
    my med. docs have been shared between hospitals without my consent and state that I have calcification in my right lung possibly as a…
    26 March 2019
  • Jomesie8
    Re: Employee Surveillance
    Hi My employer has put cctv behind the bar and inside the social club I work at monitoring employees and customers as well the Secretary…
    25 March 2019